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IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme

New IEAGHG report: Global Assessment of DACCS Costs, Scale and Potential

Direct air carbon capture and storage (DACCS) has some advantages over other negative emissions technologies (NETs). NETs interacting with biomass, such as afforestation, soil carbon storage and bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS), require significant water and arable land. Other chemical NETs, such as enhanced weathering, risk changi...

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New IEAGHG Technical Report: Criteria for Depleted Reservoirs to be Developed for CO2 Storage

The long-term, secure storage of CO2 depends on injection and retention within well characterised geological reservoirs, such as saline aquifers or depleted oil and gas fields (DO&GFs).The potential CO2 storage capacity in saline formations is well understood, and the objective of this IEAGHG study was to specifically focus on a set of storage ...

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New IEAGHG report: 2021-02 CO2 as a Feedstock: Comparison of CCU Pathways

A range of carbon dioxide capture technologies have been developed, including amine-based routes and calcium looping methods, some of which are now considered to be at technology readiness level (TRL) 9. These technologies have been deployed across the world in large-scale carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS) projects, permanently storing...

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New IEAGHG report: 2021-03 CO2 Utilisation: Hydrogenation Pathways

CO2 can be transformed into a wide range of value-added products, acting as an alternative carbon source to fossil carbon. These CO2 'conversion' utilisation routes are of increasing interest due to considerations related to climate change, avoidance of fossil fuels, and the circular economy. Carbon capture and utilisation (CCU) uses CO2 captured f...

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COP26 and the Glasgow Climate Pact

Glasgow Climate Pact  In the late hours of Saturday the 13th November the 197 countries at COP26 agreed on a new agreement to build upon the Paris Agreement, called the Glasgow Climate Pact. In this package of decisions there will be much detailed analysis by many to come, I provide a brief summary from my perspective here. From our mitigation...

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CCS Side-events in the second week of COP26

There were significant side-events on CCS in the second week. The first was organised by the Global CCS Institute, on CCS in the Green Transition. On the panel was Guloren Turan of the Institute, Professor Jim Skea, IPCC Co-chair of WGIII, Ruth Herbert of CCSA, Jonas Helseth of Bellona, and myself. Guloren presented the Institute's recent Global St...

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Shell Catalysts & Technologies webinar on accelerating a sustainable recovery: Hydrogen technologies

On the very day (1st November 2021) the British Prime Minster, The Rt Hon Boris Johnson welcomed 120 head of governments at the COP26 in Glasgow for the last chance to keep the 1.50C alive, I took part in the Shell Catalysts & Technologies webinar on accelerating a sustainable recovery with a focus on hydrogen technologies. While the likes of y...

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Shell Catalysts & Technologies webcast on accelerating a sustainable recovery: Carbon Capture and Storage

With the backdrop of the veteran naturalist and filmmaker Sir David Attenborough's powerful speech at the COP26, the Head of the International Energy Agency (IEA), Fatih Birol, tweeted that, if the COP26 climate pledges were met in full, and on time, global warming could be limited to 1.8°C by 2100, but implementing them will need higher ambition, ...

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US launches two initiatives on CDR

On Friday inside COP26 the US DOE used their pavilion (with the impressive NASA Hyperwall) to launch two new initiatives on carbon dioxide removal (CDR). Secretary Granholm announced a new Energy Earthshot goal on CDR. The objective is to stimulate removal and durable storage of gigatons of CO2 for less than $100/t this decade. This is the US ...

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“Net Zero World” Initiative

The "Net-Zero World" initiative was launched at COP26 by US Secretary of Energy Jennifer Granholm and US Special Envoy John Kerry. This new initiative is intended to accelerate global energy system decarbonisation. It will support partner countries to achieve net zero in their energy systems. It will develop technical roadmaps and then fund technic...

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COP26 starts in Glasgow

Scotland welcomed the countries of the world with windy but dry weather. The previous day, a severe storm in southern England had disrupted travel to Glasgow for many delegates, with many trees down and power outages, and reminding them of the impacts of more severe weather events due to climate change. COP26 started with the World Leaders' Summit....

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CCS in the 2021 London Convention Meeting, LC43

The London Convention and the London Protocol are the global marine treaties that protect the marine environment. We previously reported on the CCS amendments and the recent 2019 Resolution to allow export of CO2 (detailed in IEAGHG report 2020-TR/02). For the annual meeting of the Parties in 2021, LC43, the CCS agenda item and the Marine Geoengine...

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UK CCUS Cluster projects: two given go-ahead, and details of all clusters provided at CCSA Conference

The UK government has announcement the two projects to move forwards towards development and operation by 2025. Details on all UK clusters were presented in the CCSA's CCUS 2021 Conference last week. Here are summaries of these significant developments. Today Greg Hands, Minister State for Energy, Clean Growth and Climate Change announced that the ...

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Asian Development Bank (ADB) Workshop on De-Carbonization of Cement Sector through CCUS

A virtual workshop on the De-Carbonization of the Cement Sector through Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage (CCUS) was hosted by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) on the 14th October 2021. The primary objective of the workshop was to present the findings of the prefeasibility study of the cement production CCUS project in India. Further, the wor...

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U.S. DOE Workshop on Modelling and Analysis of Energy Challenges to Meeting U.S. 2050 Goals

A two-day virtual workshop on modelling and analysis of energy challenges with the aim of meeting the US 2050 goals was held by the United States Department of Energy (DOE) on the 28th and 29th of September 2021. The aim of the workshop was to address and institute new and innovative ideas with regards to designing models that reflect future energy...

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IEAGHG’s GHGT conference helped stimulate the concept of BECCS

I don't normally read the Sydney Morning Herald, but a connection on social media drew to my attention to an interesting article in August this year on the history of BECCS (bioenergy with carbon capture and storage).This article attributes the origins of combining bioenergy with CCS to Dr Kenneth Möllersten of Sweden and consequently interviewed h...

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IEA Workshop on CCUS for Nigeria’s Energy Transition

Nigeria is a large and significant country in Africa, with some 20% of Africa's population and an economy to match, and a significant oil and gas sector. It recently issued its updated NDC for COP26 where it pledges to reduce emissions by 20% by 2030 and by 47% by 2030 conditional on international support, which would then be consistent with a 1.5C...

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UKCCSRC 2021 Conference: 'Delivering on COP26: CCS across the World', 7th and 8th September

The UKCCSRC 2021 conference 'Delivering on COP26: CCS across the World' presented a highly upbeat vision of CCUS progress across the world, but especially in the UK. For the UK, several prominent contributors, notably Jon Gibbons, Professor Paul Monks BEIS (Department for Business Energy and Industrial Strategy) Chief Scientific Advisor and Dr Bryo...

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IPCC Working Group I report on the Physical Science Basis of Climate Change 2021

The IPCC has finalized the first part of the Sixth Assessment Report (AR6), 'Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis', the Working Group I (WGI) contribution to AR6. It was finalized on 6th August 2021 during the 14th Session of Working Group I and 54th Session of the IPCC. This report from IPCC's WGI is their update on the science of clima...

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IEAGHG-IPA Pre-Convention Short Course on CCUS for Executives

IEAGHG were invited by ITB, one of our Executive Committee Members, to run a short course on CCUS for high-level executives and government representatives from Indonesia on the 19th August 2021. This short course was held as a pre-convention event for the Indonesian Petroleum Association (IPA), prior to its 45th annual convention and exhibition whi...

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