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IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme

IEAGHG Report - International Standards and Testing for Novel Carbonaceous Building Materials (2023-06)

2023-06-Image-Construction-Pouring-Concrete---Blog

With over 4 Gt of cement and 46 Gt of aggregate produced each year, equating to ~8% of global anthropogenic CO2 emissions, the construction industry is likely to grow with the expansion of the built environment at a time when emissions need to be reduced. Over the past two decades, an increasing number of companies have emerged with a focus on deve...

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Birds and CCS compared to other Low-Carbon Energy Technologies

Birds-blog-header-image The Aquistore site (2019 Summer School visit)

This year, I have been reflecting on the locations of potential new CCS projects, and I am considering their impacts in areas of bird sensitivity and conservation. We know that every low-carbon energy technology has some negatives, which are balanced by the benefits of reducing CO2 emissions. The impacts of wind farms on birds for example are ...

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IEAGHG International CCS Summer School

Summer-School-2023

IEAGHG's 15th International CCS Summer School was held from the 9th to the 15th of July in Regina, Canada, and was – as always – a resounding success! Hosted by the International CCS Knowledge Centre, the event welcomed 32 students from 17 different countries for a week of interactive learning from international experts on all aspects of carbon cap...

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A Brief Bibliometric Analysis of GHGT Abstract Submissions

This technical review provides an insight into how the focus of research in the field of Carbon Capture, Utilisation and Storage (CCUS) has evolved across a decade, from 2012–2022. It is designed to help understand where the most research has been conducted, and to see where CCUS research is going. This document achieves this through analysis of ab...

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New IEAGHG Technical Report: 2022-11 Applying ISO Standards to Geologic Storage and EOR Projects

This study, undertaken by DNV on behalf of IEAGHG, aimed to summarise and synthesise the two ISO Standards relevant to the geological storage of CO2: – ISO 27914:2017 ('Carbon dioxide capture, transportation and geological storage - Geological storage') and ISO 27916:2019 ('Carbon dioxide capture, transportation and geological storage - Carbon...

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IEEFA report critical of CCS - but it presents a misleading picture

A recent critical report published by the Institute of Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA), entitled "The Carbon Capture Crux", has poured considerable scepticism on CCS as a viable mitigation option. The report, apparently written by two energy analysts with backgrounds in economics and finance, focuses on the under achievement of lead...

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New beginnings for carbon capture with Section 45Q tax credits in the United States

The passing of the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) of 2022, HR 5376, represents a new beginning for the role of carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) technologies for industrial decarbonization to combat climate change. While the IRA promotes a technology-neutral approach, where many technologies qualify by meeting emissions goals, it provi...

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Welcome return of in person events as IEAGHG ExCo meeting is hosted in Sardinia

Following two years of virtual meetings, the IEAGHG Executive Committee (ExCo) met in person for the first time since the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak, with a two-day meeting on the Italian island of Sardinia. Hosted by Sotacarbo at the T Hotel, Cagliari, the ExCo took up a kind offer that had been on the table since before the pandemic. While around...

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“Our Climate is our Future. Our Future is in our Hands”. IPCC Report on Mitigation of Climate Change

The IPCC Working Group III issued its long-awaited report with a media event which had the poignant title above. Of the IPCC's trilogy of reports, this is the one that focusses on how to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The bad news is that in 2018 GHG emissions were higher than any time in human history. The slightly better news is that the ...

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March 2022 issue of Greenhouse News now available

We're pleased to announce that the latest edition of the IEAGHG Greenhouse News newsletter is now available to download.Articles in this issue include:GHGT-16 planning well underwayRegional CO₂ Storage Hub Development for CCS Deployment in the Southeast United StatesTwo eCCU pilot plants at one siteIPCC Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and ...

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Energy emission challenges from COVID and conflict - Do not forget CCS works on coal power also

Our colleagues from the IEA produce extremely important information on CO2 emissions from the energy sector, and their latest update is very sobering. For all the massive behaviour change we saw due to COVID, CO2 emissions fell by only 5.2% in 2020, and then rebounded by 6% in 2021 to their highest level ever, to 36.3 Gt. This increase was due to e...

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IEA flagship report “Global Energy Review: CO2 Emissions in 2021”

On 8 March 2022, the IEA published their flagship report "Global Energy Review: CO2 Emissions in 2021". The report provides a rather bleak summary of the missed opportunities for a green and sustainable recovery from the Covid-19 pandemic so far. The key messages are the following: Energy-related CO2 emissions grew to 36.3 Gt in 2021, a record high...

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New IEAGHG Report: Feasibility Study on Achieving Deep Decarbonization in Worldwide Fertilizer Production

Food production is expected to increase due to global population growth and, consequently, fertilizer production will be essential for global food security. Currently, the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions linked to fertilizer production are approximately 400 Mt/year (over 1% of global energy-related CO2 emissions) with a predicted growth to 550 Mt/ye...

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New IEAGHG report: From CO2 to Building Materials – Improving Process Efficiency

Decarbonising the economy through CCUS relies not only on viable methods to capture CO2 but also efficient usage and/or storage of that CO2. In some instances, e.g. where large transport distances are required, or for countries which do not have large geological storage resources, utilising the captured CO2, or carbon capture and utilisation (CCU),...

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New IEAGHG report: Assessing the Techno-Economic Performance, Opportunities and Challenges of Mature and Nearly-mature Negative Emissions Technologies (NETs)

The aim of this study is to provide a transparent framework to evaluate the potential (in terms of sequestered and displaced carbon), and economics (in terms of cost of carbon avoided and removed) of a non-exhaustive selection of NETs pathways. Ecosystem and socio-economic impacts associated with their deployment is also quantified. The study sets ...

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New IEAGHG Report: Current State of Knowledge Regarding the Risk of Induced Seismicity at CO2 Storage Projects

This study reviewed the risk of induced seismicity at CO2 storage sites. The phenomenon has multiple causes including waste water disposal, geothermal energy and mining. Natural seismicity is also a widespread occurrence and can detected in the same regions as industrial activities associated with induced seismicity. Consequently the detection of a...

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UTCCS-6 – Texas hotspot for CCUS

The University of Texas at Austin held its 6th conference on carbon capture and storage from 25th to 27th January, in a fully virtual format. This conference combined the research and other activities from the Gulf Coast Carbon Centre, the Texas Carbon Management Programme, the UT Energy Institute, and the Department of Petroleum and Geosystems Eng...

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New IEAGHG report: Global Assessment of DACCS Costs, Scale and Potential

Direct air carbon capture and storage (DACCS) has some advantages over other negative emissions technologies (NETs). NETs interacting with biomass, such as afforestation, soil carbon storage and bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS), require significant water and arable land. Other chemical NETs, such as enhanced weathering, risk changi...

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New IEAGHG Technical Report: Criteria for Depleted Reservoirs to be Developed for CO2 Storage

The long-term, secure storage of CO2 depends on injection and retention within well characterised geological reservoirs, such as saline aquifers or depleted oil and gas fields (DO&GFs).The potential CO2 storage capacity in saline formations is well understood, and the objective of this IEAGHG study was to specifically focus on a set of storage ...

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New IEAGHG report: 2021-02 CO2 as a Feedstock: Comparison of CCU Pathways

A range of carbon dioxide capture technologies have been developed, including amine-based routes and calcium looping methods, some of which are now considered to be at technology readiness level (TRL) 9. These technologies have been deployed across the world in large-scale carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS) projects, permanently storing...

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